Nov 10 2008

The Obama Administration and the Right to Travel

The Obama Administration promises change, and invites suggestions for their agenda.

Since they’ve asked, here are the first things we think the new administration should do to restore our right to travel, and to address the issues of ID requirements and identity-based government surveillance and control of travel and movement.

Some of these can be accomplished with the stroke of a pen on Inauguration Day in January, through Presidential proclamations and directives to Executive staff and agencies.  Others can be ordered by the President, but will require a slightly longer process to comply with administrative notice and comment requirements for changes to (and, in many cases, withdrawal of) Federal regulations.  Others will require legislation, which we urge the Presidential transition team and members of Congress to begin drafting so they can take action early in the new Congressional session. If asked, we would be available to advise and participate in this process. Finally, Senators should question nominees for Executive appointments —especially those nominated to be the new Secretary of Homeland Security and the Administrator of the TSA – about how they will address specific, important issues from the day they take office. These questions are detailed below (and also available here in PDF format).

Executive Orders:

  1. Reaffirm Executive Order 13107 on Implementation of Human Rights Treaties, and instruct heads of agencies to ensure that it is carried out.  As part of his agenda, President-Elect Obama has promised to “strengthen civil rights enforcement,” and this should include enforcement of rights guaranteed by international human rights treaties to which the U.S. is a party.  In particular, President-Elect Obama should extend Executive Order 13107 to explicitly mandate consideration of international human rights treaties in Federal agency rulemakings that could implicate rights protected under those treaties — such as the freedom of movement guaranteed by Article 12 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).
  2. Forbid Executive agencies from placing names on “watchlists”, blacklists used as a basis for denial or limitation of rights, except as directed by order of competent judicial authorities (e.g. through arrest warrants, injunctions, or restraining orders).  In his agenda on homeland security, President-Elect Obama says that, “a comprehensive terrorist watch list … must be developed and used in a way that safeguards passengers’ privacy while ensuring the safety of air travel.”  We urge President-Elect Obama to recognize, as a law-school instructor in Constitutional law and civil liberties, that passengers’ Constitutional and human rights are not limited to privacy, and that the proper protections for those rights are those provided by judicial due process.  President-Elect Obama can, and should, thereby put an immediate end to the issuance of “no-fly” orders by secret administrative process, and limit any “watchlists” to those people whose movements and right to travel have been restricted by court order.
  3. Order the Secretary of State to revert to the issuance of U.S. passports that don’t contain RFID chips.
  4. Order the Secretary of Homeland Security to discontinue the compilation and maintenance of government records of the travels and movements of people who are not subjects of criminal investigation or court orders authorizing such surveillance, and the destruction of existing government travel dossiers as soon as this can be approved by the National Archives and Records Administration.  This would include records about the routine travels of innocent people being compiled and maintained in the Automated Targeting System (ATS), Secure Flight, Border Crossing Information System (BCIS), Treasury Enforcement Communications System (TECS), Arrival-Departure Information System (ADIS), and other records systems.
  5. Publicly commit the new Administration to respect the conditions placed by Congress on appropriations, notwithstanding the “signing statements” by the previous President that the previous Administration would consider those conditions “advisory” and non-binding. To carry out that commitment, direct the DHS and the TSA not to spend or commit funds (including not to award or extend contracts) for Secure Flight or other or aviation passenger screeing programs, other than expenditures strictly limited to testing, until the Government Accountability Office has reported that the criteria specified in the 2005 through 2008 Homeland Security Appropriations Acts have been met.

Regulations:

By acting promptly to withdraw these ill-conceived and hastily promulgated implementing regulations, or to replace those too far advanced in their implementation process with functionally realistic and privacy conscious alternatives, the President and Congress can head off the waste of billions of dollars more on these schemes. None of these rules would make us safer, and all of them would make us less free.

  1. Withdraw the REAL-ID regulations.
  2. Withdraw the Secure Flight regulations.
  3. Withdraw the Advanced Passenger Information System (APIS) regulations.
  4. Withdraw the Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) regulations.

Legislation:

  1. Introduce and make the first legislative priority of the Obama Administration the passage of a “Human Rights Act of 2009” to create a Federal cause of action for violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), and to grant the Federal courts jurisdiction over cases arising under this Act.
  2. Repeal the REAL-ID Act.
  3. Unconditionally defund and prohibit the deployment or implementation of Secure Flight.

Questions for nominees for the DHS and TSA:

“As the nominee for Secretary of Homeland Security or Administrator of the Transportation Security Administration, …

  1. Do you believe that individuals should have a right to travel in the USA? Why or why not?
  2. What substantive (e.g probable cause) and procedural (e.g. due process and judicial review) standards do you believe should apply to actions by or directed by your agency, or other government agencies, that would restrict that right?
  3. Should individuals in the USA be required to have or display government ID in order to travel by common carrier or on public rights-of-way by plane? By train? By bus? By ship or ferry? By private car? On foot? Why or why not?
  4. Should individuals in the USA be required to obtain government permission in order to travel by common carrier or on public rights-of-way by plane? By train? By bus? By ship or ferry? By private car? On foot? Why or why not?
  5. Should US citizens be required to have a passport and/or obtain government permission in order to leave the USA? Why or why not?
  6. Should US citizens be required to have a passport and/or obtain government permission in order to return to the USA from abroad? Why or why not?
  7. Should the government maintain records of the travel or movement of people who are not suspected of a crime or subject to a court order authorizing surveillance and logging of their movements? Why or why not?
  8. Should the government mandate the collection or maintenance by travel companies of records of the travel or movement of people who are not suspected of a crime or subject to a court order authorizing surveillance and logging of their movements? Why or why not?
  9. Should travel companies or other third parties to whom individuals are required by the government to provide personal information be free to use, sell, or “share” that information, or should it be protected by laws? Why or why not?
  10. What do you think should be done with existing government files of travel records about innocent people?

That’s our agenda for the Obama Administration.  If you agree, we encourage to let the President-Elect and the transition team know, as well as your Senators and Representative in the new Congress.

22 thoughts on “The Obama Administration and the Right to Travel

  1. You are trying to demand something which you already have from someone who never had the ability to take it from you. The 14th Amendment created a new class, that of US citizen, which didn’t exist previously. We were all citizens of our respective State Republics (except for someone born or a resident of the 10 mi sq DC). Now Corp US has us believe that we must be “Citizens” to beg our “Rights” from them. No wonder the world seems upside-down!

  2. A good start. But keep a close eye on the IMBRA law which is a gateway law to regulating Americans in their contact with foreigners. IMBRA outrageously forces Americans to be background checked just to be allowed to communicate with a foreigner. The law, which will be overturned if just one citizen challenges it properly, calls all dating websites “marriage brokers” if their “primary business is introducing Americans to foreigners”, A Bush appointee denied a restraining order on the law by saying “There is no fundamental liberty interest in an American communicating with a foreigner”, But this law was written by the NOW (National Organization for Women that does not really represent women) and Joe Biden and Hillary Clinton join Sam Brownback in wanting your right to Assembly and Anonymity taken away, at least in regard to meeting foreigners.

    If IMBRA is upheld, another law will come soon (it actually has already happened in the form of the Adam Walsh Act) that will TAKE AWAY YOUR PASSPORT if the government doesn’t like you.

    Your ability to travel around the world is entirely subject to the US Government’s cooperation in giving you a passport.

    This is the Achilles Heel that evil Obamans might exploit if the Obamans want to play dirty.

    Having said all that, I am not sure the Obamans will want to push the Marxist feminist agenda now they are in office.

    They could cut us men a break. Black men have no reason to want to ally with the kind of feminists anymore who want to pass new laws regulating men. A lot of Hillary feminists voted against Obama.

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  5. I was notified that I had passed the background investigation for my NEXUS trusted traveler card. I scheduled an interview at the Customs and Border Patrol (CBP), NEXUS office in Blaine Washington.
    The Canadian Officer asked me if I had been arrested. I told I had in 1969 for possession of Marijuana.
    The CBP officer checked on the arrest and told the Canadian Officer I had been arrested in 1968 for possession of marijuana.
    I explained to the Canadian and CBP officers that the arrest was the result of a complaint to the police from a neighbor, in our duplex, claiming that they smelled marijuana. The police arrived and found no Marijuana. We told the officers that we were innocent but we were put in jail for a weekend. We were all students at the local Community College. When we came before the judge, we were released on our own recognizance. Several days later, I was told that the criminal charges had been dropped.
    The Canadian officer approved my request and stated that a 40 year old arrest and dismissed charge when I was 22 years old would not prevent me from obtaining a Trusted Traveler Nexus card.
    Then I meet with the CBP Officer. He told me that a 40 year old arrest for narcotics (Marijuana) would prevent me from getting a NEXUS Trusted Traveler card and I could not appeal his decision.
    I sure didn’t expect this kind of treatment from the CBP. They have always been very kind to me when I cross the border. I have Vietnam Veteran plates on my car. I live 30 miles from the Canadian Border in Bellingham WA. My wife and I enjoy going to Canada for shopping, traveling, skiing, the parks and fantastic food.

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